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The Hooghly is the major river which flows all along the western stretch of  about 50 km of  the Barrackpore subdivision.  This river is also known as the Bhagirathi or the Ganga / Ganges.

The Ganga or Ganges is a major river of the Indian subcontinent. The Gangotri Glacier, a vast expanse of ice five miles by fifteen, at the foothills of the Himalayas    (14000 ft) is the source of Bhagirathi, which joins with Alaknanda (origins nearby) to form Ganga at the town of Devprayag in Uttaranchal. From Devprayag to the Bay of Bengal and the vast Sunderbans delta, the Ganga flows some 1550 miles.

Water resources are important, both for commercial and religious uses. As the Ganges dips east through Bangaladesh, the Hooghly (a tributary) runs south through Kolkata. A large number of tributaries join and flow from the Ganges to drain the Northern part of India and Bangladesh.

The Hooghly river has been an important waterways. Many industries came up on the banks of this river, big Jute and engineering factories were set up during the British time.  The Dutch, British, Portuguese  and French businessman used this river for trade and business transportation.  At one time the Portuguese  water dacoits became so powerful that mothers used to calm the children by taking their names.

This river was used as main medium of transport, trade and commerce activities.  There were several variations of  boats like Pansi, Chhip, Bajra. Several water sports competitions used to be held by  the Zamindars and the Babus. Popular among them was the 'Baich' competition.

There are mentions in the Padma Puran about places on the eastern bank of the river. They are  : Bhatpara,  Kankinara, Mulazore, Ichapore, Banki Bazar, Nimai Tirtha, Chanak, Khardaha, Sukchar, Panihati, Kamarhati, Ariadaha etc. Some of the above cities/ towns were famous business  trade centers like Panihati, Sukchar, Nemai Tirtha, Ariadaha as mentioned in the old literature. During the British several industries came up particularly the  jute, Paper, Engineering etc. The Barrackpore subdivision thus became one of the first industrially prominent subdivisions in India.

The river Hooghly has been also used as a part of  a traditional sewerage system where this system faces pressures related to increasing population growth: encroaching development in the wetlands, increasing pollution in and volume of the wastewater. Their success has been constrained by point source pollution from both the city and along the Ganges River, as well as population-growth related needs for land development and a sewage system. Within Kolkata's indigenous sewage system lies the answers to sustainable environmental, economic and social alternatives. The challenge is to curb pollution, encourage indigenous economic gains, and to develop a meaningful coastal and reverie management system that will address the real needs of her people. The Ganga Action Plan has been taken up under the Indian Government.

The subdivision has minor rivers : Jamuna, Suti, Noai - existence of which are hardly visible

There are two Important Bridges on the river Hooghly under this subdivision :

Jubilee Bridge at Naihati connecting Garifa and Hooghly. -Rail Bridge- Oldest rail bridge in Bengal, built in 1885-1887. It was inaugurated  on the occasion of 50th anniversary of queen Victoria on 16th February’ 1887. It’s length is 1500 ft.

Bally Bridge at Dakshineswar – Bally. Rail and Road bridges – Started in 1927 and finished in 1931. It was named after the Lord Welingdon. Present name . Vivekananda bridge.

Ghats: There are nos.  of ghats built along the river. The Ghats were built for bathing purpose, trading activities, crematoriums and  resting places. Some ghats have mandirs and ashrams also. Many has eye pleasing constructions.

Some of the Ghats  : Baromandir Ghat, Nemaitirtha Ghat, Panihati Mahotsabtala Ghat, Giribala Ghat at Agarpara, Tranbabur's Ghat, Sen's Ghat, Bazarer Gaht, Gandhi Ghat, Ram Ghat, Shyam ghat, Raskhola Ghat, Kunti Ghat, Dakshineswar Temple  Ghat etc.

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