The Hooghly is the major
river which flows all along the western stretch of about 50 km of the
subdivision. This river is also known as the
Ganga or Ganges is a major river of the Indian subcontinent. The
Gangotri Glacier, a vast expanse of ice five miles by fifteen,
at the foothills of
the Himalayas (14000 ft) is the source of Bhagirathi,
which joins with Alaknanda (origins nearby) to form Ganga at the town of
Devprayag in Uttaranchal. From Devprayag to the Bay of Bengal and the vast
Sunderbans delta, the Ganga flows some
Water resources are important, both for commercial and religious uses. As
the Ganges dips east through Bangaladesh, the Hooghly (a tributary) runs
south through Kolkata. A large number of tributaries join and flow from
the Ganges to drain the Northern part of India and Bangladesh.
Hooghly river has been
an important waterways. Many industries came up on the banks of this
river, big Jute and engineering factories were set up during the
British time. The Dutch, British, Portuguese and French businessman used this river
for trade and business transportation. At one time the Portuguese water dacoits became so powerful that mothers
used to calm the children by taking their names.
This river was used as main
medium of transport, trade and commerce activities. There were several variations of boats like Pansi, Chhip,
Several water sports competitions used to be held by the Zamindars and the
Babus. Popular among them was the 'Baich' competition.
There are mentions in the Padma Puran
about places on the eastern bank of the river. They are : Bhatpara, Kankinara, Mulazore, Ichapore, Banki Bazar,
Nimai Tirtha, Chanak, Khardaha, Sukchar, Panihati, Kamarhati, Ariadaha etc. Some of the above
cities/ towns were famous business trade centers like Panihati,
Nemai Tirtha, Ariadaha as mentioned in the old
literature. During the British several industries came up particularly the
jute, Paper, Engineering etc. The Barrackpore subdivision thus became one
of the first industrially prominent subdivisions in India.
The river Hooghly has
been also used as a part of a traditional sewerage system where this
system faces pressures related to increasing population growth:
encroaching development in the wetlands, increasing pollution in and
volume of the wastewater. Their success has been constrained by point
source pollution from both the city and along the Ganges River, as well as
population-growth related needs for land development and a sewage system.
Within Kolkata's indigenous sewage system lies the answers to sustainable
environmental, economic and social alternatives. The challenge is to curb
pollution, encourage indigenous economic gains, and to develop a
meaningful coastal and reverie management system that will address the
real needs of her people. The Ganga Action Plan has been taken up under
the Indian Government.
subdivision has minor rivers : Jamuna, Suti, Noai - existence of which are
There are two Important Bridges on the river Hooghly under this
Jubilee Bridge at
Naihati connecting Garifa and Hooghly. -Rail Bridge- Oldest rail bridge in Bengal,
built in 1885-1887. It was inaugurated on the occasion of 50th
anniversary of queen Victoria on 16th February’ 1887. It’s length is 1500
Bally Bridge at
– Bally. Rail and Road bridges – Started in 1927 and finished in 1931. It
was named after the Lord Welingdon. Present name . Vivekananda bridge.
There are nos. of ghats built along the river. The Ghats were built for
bathing purpose, trading activities, crematoriums and resting places.
Some ghats have mandirs and ashrams also. Many has eye pleasing
Some of the Ghats
Ghat, Nemaitirtha Ghat, Panihati Mahotsabtala Ghat, Giribala Ghat at Agarpara, Tranbabur's
Ghat, Sen's Ghat, Bazarer Gaht, Gandhi Ghat, Ram Ghat, Shyam ghat, Raskhola
Ghat, Kunti Ghat,
Dakshineswar Temple Ghat etc.