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1. Immunisation (Vaccination)

Immunisation (vaccination) is a means of triggering acquired immunity. This is a specialized form of immunity that provides long-lasting protection against specific antigens, such as certain diseases like Polio, Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Pertussis (whooping cough), Tetanus and Measles. These diseases are vaccine preventable.

Small doses of an antigen (such as dead or weakened live viruses) are given to activate immune system "memory" (specialized white blood cells that are capable of "recognizing" the antigen and quickly responding to its presence). Memory allows the body to react quickly and efficiently to future exposure to microorganisms before they can cause dangerous diseases (the body builds "resistance" to the disorder). Immunisation is one of the best means to protect against many of the contagious diseases (those that can be passed from person to person). The immune response protects the body against disease. Infants are born with a natural (inborn) immunity against disease (the result of antibodies transmitted from the mother to the unborn child and to infants through breast milk). However, this immunity is temporary, lasting only through early infancy. Hence the need for child immunisation programmes.

Immunisation Schedule
The recommended schedule of immunisations may vary slightly as new and more effective vaccines are developed. Consult your primary health care provider about the specific immunisations needed. A recommended immunisation schedule for children includes:

Age

Vaccine

Pregnant Women

TT 2 doses

Birth

BCG (injection) and 0'dose polio

6 weeks

1st dose DPT (injection)
1st dose oral polio vaccine (drops)
1st dose hepatitis B vaccine (injection)

10 weeks

2nd dose DPT (injection)
2nd dose oral polio vaccine (drops)
2nd dose hepatitis B vaccine (injection)

14 weeks

3rd dose DPT (injection)
3rd dose oral polio vaccine (drops)
3rd dose hepatitis B vaccine (injection)

9 months

Measles vaccine (injection)

8 -24 months

1 Booster dose of DPT & OPV

5 Years

DT (injection)

10 Years

TT (injection)

16 Years

TT (injection)

 

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The Vaccine Preventable Diseases are:

 

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium (mycobacterium tuberculosis). It usually attacks the lungs, but other parts of the body, including the intestine, bones, joints and brain. People of all ages can contract tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is spread through the air. When a person with the disease coughs or sneezes the germs enter the air and any one inhaling the same will get infected. TB can spread rapidly where people are living in crowded conditions, have difficulty in obtaining medical care, and are poorly nourished. The symptoms of Tb include general weakness, cough, chest pain, coughing up of blood, weight loss, fever and night sweats, joint swelling and pain and fits. Immunisation with BCG vaccine protects children from childhood tuberculosis.

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Diphtheria

Diphtheria is caused by bacteria. It spreads from person to person by way of coughing and sneezing. The incubation period for diphtheria is 2 to 5 days. The disease predominantly affect the throat. Symptoms range from a moderately sore throat to toxic symptoms. Death sometimes occurs by suffocation. The complications of diphtheria are damaged to heart muscles and the nervous system .Death occurs in about ten percent of those affected. Unless immunised, children and adults may be infected repeatedly with the disease. The most effective method of prevention is immunisation with DPT vaccine at 6,10,14 weeks of life, followed by booster doses at 2 and 5 years.


Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

Pertussis is a highly contagious bacterial disease involving the respiratory tract. It is spread easily through the air, usually from coughing or sneezing of infected persons. The illness lasts 6 to 12 weeks, starting with symptoms similar to the common cold and progressing to spasms to coughing after 10 to 12 days. Worldwide, 20 to 40 million cases of pertussis occur annually,90 percent of which occur in developing countries. Although pertussis may occur at any age ,most serious cases (including brain damage) and the majority of deaths occur in early infancy-a time when pertussis is most severe. Vaccines are not the most rational approaches to pertussis control. If children are not immunised, they have an 80percent chance of contracting whooping cough before the age of 5 years. Pertussis is prevented by immunisation with the DPT vaccine administered at 6,10,14 weeks of age.

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Tetanus

Bacteria that enter the body through open wounds cause tetanus (also called lockaw). The bacteria are found in soil, stool and manure. It causes an increased tightening of muscles, resulting in spasms, stiffness and arching of the spine. Ultimately, breathing becomes more difficulty spasms occur more frequently, and 70 to 100 percent of infected persons die. Neonatal tetanus (NT)-which affects newborn babies-generally occurs during the first few days of life ,when a delivery is conducted in unsanitary conditions. Neonatal tetanus is the second leading cause of death from vaccine preventable diseases among children worldwide. Maternal tetanus affecting the mother-also occurs as a result of poor hygienic practice at the time of delivery, or through gynecological complications. Immunising women of child-bearing age women who are pregnant is an effective method for preventing both neonatal and maternal tetanus. Tetanus is prevented by immunisation with the DPT vaccine at 6,10 and 14 weeks and Tetanus Toxoid vaccine at 5,10 and 16 years of age.

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Measles

Measles is a highly contagious illness, caused by measles bacteria characterised by a fever, cough and a spreading rash. Droplets of an infected personspread this disease. The disease usually starts with a fever 10 days after exposure. A characterised red rash appears on the third to seventh day, beginning on the face and spreading to the limbs within seven total days. In India, 75 percent of cases develop complications. Death occurs in 3-5%, and these are higher in undernourished children. The major causes of death due to measles come from complications such as pneumonia, diarrhea, meningitis and croup. Measles can also lead to life-long disabilities, including blindness, brain damage and deafness. There is no specific treatment for measles, but death rates can be reduced by quickly responding to a measles incident to avoid complications and boost immunity with Vitamin A supplements. Measles is prevented by immunisation with the measles vaccine, administered between 9-12 months.


 

2. List of Adoption Centers

NAME

ADDRESS

CONTACT 

Sukanya (for girls)

Sector 4 & 5 ,Salt Lake, Kolkata.13

 

RAMKRISHNA VIVEKANANDA MISSION

7, Riverside Road, Barrackpore, 24 Prgs. (North), Pin-743001

2592-0547, Fax:2560-6904

Kishalaya (for boys)

P. O. Barasat, Dist. North 24 Parganas.

 

MISSIONARIES OF CHARITY

78,A.J.C.Bose Road, Kolkata-700014

2216-0638, Fax:2216-4583

SOCIETY FOR INDIAN CHILDREN'S WELFARE

22,Colonel Biswas Road, Beckbagan, Kolkata-700019

2280-7176,2240-7110,2247-3121

INDIAN SOCIETIES FOR SPONSORSHIP & ADOPTION

1,Palace Court, 1 Kyd Street, Kolkata-700016

22299136,2217-0341, Fax:2479-5431

INDIAN SOCIETY FOR REHABILITATION OF CHILDREN

Matri Sneha Unit, 98,Lake View Road, Calcutta-700029

2440-4245

INDIAN SOCIETY FOR REHABILITATION OF CHILDREN

9-B,Lake View Road,Lansdowne,Kolkata-700029

2466-7957,2463-7563

WEST BENGAL CO-ORDINATING AGENCY ON ADOPTION

42, Ramesh Mitra Road, Kolkata 25

2475-6180, Fax: 2474-2395

VIVEKANANDA WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT SOCIETY

18-C, Kalimuddin Lane, Kolkata - 700 006

2350-0692

SCOTTLANE POVERTY ERADICATION CENTRE

27, Gokul Boral Street, Kolkata - 700 012

22363056, 2234-8717

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Home for destitute children

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Udayan Barrackpore
Ramkrishna Vivekananda Mission Riverside Road, Barrackpore, 24 Prgs. (North), Pin-743001, 2592-0547, Fax:2560-6904
 
Sarada Kanya Vidyapith BARRACKPORE

SaradaKanya Vidyapith was set up in association with the Ramakrishna Vivekananda Mission at Barrackpore, and has about 1,000 girls on its rolls. It maintains a free hostel, which houses approximately 160 poor and destitute students of the school

Dhrubashram (for boys) Ariadah, North 24-Paraganas

4. Balika Samriddhi Yojana


With an object to keep proper balance between men and women, and for proper social and financial development of women the central government has initiated an integrated programme namely the Balika Samriddhi Yojana for girl children from the financial year of 1998-99. The objective of this programme is to provide for scope for growth of girl children with due respect.

In this project the families earmarked in
Swarna Jayanti Sahari Rojgar Yojana, where girl children has born on or after the 15th August, 1947, will be considered for being paid a sum of Rs. 500/- at a time through the Municipality, but not more than two girl children of a family will get such assistance

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