Census

Last Census was done in 2001

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Barrackpore subdivision has  dense population.

 

The industrialisation on the bank of river Hooghly in the pre-independence period and inflow of refugees from East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh) in the post-independence period changed the social scenario of the district and the sub-division. Most of the areas of the of the sun - divisions are well connected with Kolkata. So, persons from neighbouring districts and states migrated to this subdivision and the district accelerating the urbanisation.

 

Few important Census tables

Population Growth rate (District)

Rural & urban population distribution ( District)
Growth of Population, density, literacy (1991 to 2001)
Women Population In Respect of Total Population
Female Population against 1000 In 1991 & 2001
Population Density Growth Rate
Child population
Percentage of children over total population
Literacy Rate in last three decades (Urban)
Literacy ( 1991- 2001)
Women Literacy
Literacy Rate in Total Female
Ratio of Persons living in Bustee and total population
Ratio of Male and Female living in Bustee
Changes in the population in Blocks/Municipalities
Areas of blocks / Municipalities in last ten years
Employed and Unemployed Female -census 1991
Working Female and Unemployed Female -1991

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Table - 1

Population Growth rate (of the entire District)

Census year

Village City
1951-1961 41 57.16
1961-1971 25 46.03
1971-1981 27 35.49
1981-1991 31 32.22
1991-2001 15 30.00

Population Growth rate in last 50 years decline but the difference between Village and town Increased.

Distribution of total population between Rural and Urban areas (%)

Table - 2

Rural & urban population  distribution (of the entire District)

Census year

Village City
1951 57 42.92
1961 54 45.59
1971 51 49.49
1981 49 51.02
1991 49 51.23
2001 46 54.30

More than 50% of Total population are in town.

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Table-3

Growth characteristics in % : Population, density, literacy (1991 to 2001)
Municipality/Block Rate of Change in Area (%) Rate of change  in population  (%) Rate of change in female population (%) Rate of change in density of population (%) Rate of change in no. of infants within 0-6 (%) Rate of increase in Literacy (%) Rate of increase in Female Literacy (%)
Kancharapara   25.87 26.24 25.87 -15.90 53.92 64.75
Halisahar   9.17 12.48 9.17 -17.13 29.53 40.15
Naihati 165.52 62.34 71.70 -33.86 36.53 97.63 121.22
Bhatpara 138.71 44.93 54.36 -39.28 2.86 84.48 108.56
Garulia -16.98 -5.70 -5.51 13.59 -30.50 10.46 19.55
North Barrackpore 8.66 22.78 25.83 9.28 -6.00 33.56 42.42
Barrackpur -8.93 8.30 7.82 18.91 -22.13 18.74 19.97
Titagarh   8.86 14.11 8.86 -26.50 39.19 56.47
Khardah   31.57 34.09 31.58 9.46 39.43 47.44
Panihati   26.23 28.57 26.23 13.35 31.02 35.86
New Barrackpore   30.39 32.53 30.42 -4.59 25.79 10.49
Kamarhati   17.78 20.86 17.78 -2.47 33.36 40.00
Baranagar   11.47 12.63 11.47 -5.66 20.29 24.22
North Dum Dum 36.20 46.72 47.01 7.73 20.36 19.63 61.87
Dum Dum 183.28 147.35 170.57 -12.75 110.46 169.87 199.70
South Dum Dum 26.66 68.44 73.50 32.99 47.10 80.04 88.91
Barrackpore(1) -30.95 -28.61 -28.44 3.37 -41.00 21.79 -19.00
Barrackpore(2) -39.58 -25.44 -24.95 23.42 -39.85 16.22 -13.61

Area of the blocks are reduced but for some of the municipalities it expanded. In case of population growth for all of the municipalities it increased, however, for blocks it decreased.

 

Table - 4

Change in Women Population In Respect of Total Population
Municipality/Block Change in Total Population Change in Female Population Difference
Kancharapara 25.87 26.24 0.37
Halisahar 9.17 12.48 3.31
Naihati 62.64 71.7 9.36
Bhatpara 44.93 54.36 9.43
Garulia -5.7 -5.51 0.19
North Barrackpore 22.78 25.83 3.05
Barrackpur 8.3 7.82 -0.48
Titagarh 8.86 14.11 5.25
Khardah 31.57 34.09 2.52
Panihati 26.23 28.57 2.37
New Barrackpore 30.39 32.53 2.14
Kamarhati 17.78 20.86 3.08
Baranagar 11.47 12.63 1.16
North Dum Dum 46.72 47.01 0.29
Dum Dum 147.35 170.57 23.22
South Dum Dum 68.44 73.5 5.06
Barrackpore(1) -28.61 -28.44 0.17
Barrackpore(2) -25.44 24.95 0.49

For municipalities except and for all the blocks the female growth rate is increased.

 

Table - 5

Female Population against 1000 In 1991 & 2001
Municipality/Block 1999 2001

Change

Kancharapara 929 934 5
Halisahar 809 854 45
Naihati 807 895 88
Bhatpara 732 818 86
Garulia 876 880 4
North Barrackpore 892 935 43
Barrackpur 900 892 -8
Titagarh 700 759 59
Khardah 866 898 32
Panihati 902 935 33
New Barrackpore 959 991 32
Kamarhati 824 864 40
Baranagar 871 889 18
North Dum Dum 946 949 3
Dum Dum 777 916 139
South Dum Dum 906 959 53
Barrackpore(1) 931 935 4
Barrackpore(2) 911 923 12
Average 863 901 38

 

Number of female population against 1000 are increased for most of the municipalities and blocks except Barrackpore municipality. So the difference population distribution between genders is reduced.

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Table 6

Population density Growth rate .
Municipality Density 1991 Density 2001 Growth rate
Kanchapara 11047 13905 25.87
Halisahar 13771 15034 9.17
Naihati 30506 18652 -38.86
Bhatpara 25498 15480 -39.29
Garulia 12487 14184 13.59
Uttar Barrackpur 11948 13057 9.28
Barrackpur 11439 13603 18.92
Titagarh 35221 38333 8.84
Khardaha 12861 16922 31.58
Panihati 14226 17958 26.23
New Barrackpur 3715 4845 30.42
Kamarhati 24351 28680 17.78
Baranagar 31576 35199 11.47
Uttar Dumdum 7722 8319 7.73
Dumdum 13170 11500 -12.68
South Dumdum 21778 28962 32.99
Barrackpur I 1986 2053 3.37
Barrackpur II 4257 5254 23.42

As per 2001 census the total state average density growth rate is 17.86. From the table it is clear that for most of the municipalities the rate is more than state rate. But, in case of Naihati, Bhatpara and DumDum,  the rate decreased because some rural areas have merged with these municipalities.

 

Table 7

Analysis upto 6 years children

Municipality /Block

Total Children Male Female Growth rate Girl against 1000 (1991) Girl against 1000 (2001)
Kanchapara 9501 4819 4682 -15.90 992 972
Halisahar 11913 6137 5776 -17.13 970 941
Naihati 20139 10805 9334 36.53 943 864
Bhatpara 40501 20969 19532 2.86 951 931
Garulia 7368 3840 3528 -30.50 994 919
Uttar Barrackpur 9072 4568 4504 -6.00 891 986
Barrackpur 11553 5969 5584 -22.13 929 936
Titagarh 12063 6264 5799 -26.30 987 926
Khardaha 9416 4952 4464 9.46 904 901
Panihati 28557 14504 14053 13.35 969 969
New Barrackpur 6168 3174 2994 -4.59 943 943
Kamarhati 27941 14259 13682 -2.47 952 960
Baranagar 19653 10048 9605 -5.66 896 956
Uttar DumDum 19017 9602 9815 20.36 932 981
DumDum 8086 4095 3991 110.46 938 975
South DumDum 31270 15960 15310 87.10 923 959
Barrackpur I 16609 8538 8071 -41.00 966 945
Barrackpur II 16638 8532 8106 -39.85 938 950

Birth rate is one of the factors for increase in Population and population density. But in case of some of the municipalities where population increased but children population growth rate decreased.

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Table 8

Percentage of children over total population
Municipality/ Block 1991 2001
Kanchapara 11.28 7.53
Halisahar 12.61 9.57
Naihati 11.12 9.35
Bhatpara 12.91 9.16
Garulia 13.10 9.66
Uttar Barrackpur 9.54 7.34
Barrackpur 11.13 8.00
Titagarh 14.39 9.71
Khardaha 9.74 8.10
Panihati 9.13 8.20
New Barrackpur 10.13 7.41
Kamarhati 10.73 8.89
Baranagar 9.27 7.84
Uttar Dumdum 10.54 8.64
Dumdum 9.38 7.98
South Dumdum 9.13 7.97
Barrackpur - I 12.8 10.58
Barrackpur - II 12.99 10.48

The percentage of 0-6 year old had decreased. For blocks children population is little bit higher. But compared to the 1991 census the birth rate is decreasing.

 

Table 9

Literacy Rate in last three decades (Urban)
Municipality 1981 1991 2001
  Literate Percentage Literate Percentage Literate Percentage
Kanchapara 57253 65.28 66727 75.55 102709 88.07
Halisahar 51580 54.37 72914 73.17 94449 83.91
Naihati 61931 54.04 81182 68.83 160440 82.15
Bhatpara 129155 49.56 173282 65.24 319664 79.63
Garulia 29633 51.93 50619 71.99 55916 81.11
Uttar Barrackpur 61553 75.29 76853 84.5 104181 91.03
Barrackpur 79431 68.95 97857 82.63 116194 87.51
Titagarh 48909 46.79 59411 60.83 82696 73.75
Khardaha 33920 74.96 67533 84.67 94164 88.14
Panihati 147449 71.68 219100 87.36 287058 89.76
New Barrackpur 36540 78.53 50426 87.96 63461 82.96
Kamarhati 160327 68.24 180820 75.9 241145 84.2
Baranagar 128754 75.59 171857 84.25 206735 89.51
Uttar Dumdum 70929 73.56 115101 85.79 180755 89.92
Dumdum 24016 71.47 30665 82.61 82756 88.76
South Dumdum 167672 72.82 181099 85.6 326063 90.35

In 1981 the maximum literacy rate was 78.53, in 1991 it was 87.96 and in 2001 it is 91.03. In case of minimum literacy in 1981 it was 46.79, in 1991 it was 60.83 and in 2001 it is 73.75. So the literacy rate is upward.

 

Table 10

Literacy ( 1991- 2001)
Municipality 1991 2001  
Literate Population Perdcentage (except 0-6) Literate Population Perdcentage (except 0-6) Growth Rate
Kanchapara 66727 75.06 102709 88.07 53.92
Halisahar 72914 73.17 94449 83.91 29.53
Naihati 81182 68.83 160440 82.15 97.63
Bhatpara 173282 65.24 319664 79.63 84.48
Garulia 50619 71.99 88252 81.11 10.46
Uttar Barrackpur 76853 84.5 55916 91.03 33.56
Barrackpur 97857 82.63 104181 87.51 18.74
Titagarh 59411 60.83 82696 73.75 39.19
Khardaha 67533 84.67 94164 88.14 39.43
Panihati 219100 87.36 287058 89.76 31.02
New Barrackpur 50426 87.96 63431 82.96 25.79
Kamarhati 180820 75.9 241145 84.2 33.36
Baranagar 171857 84.25 206735 89.51 20.29
Uttar Dumdum 115101 85.79 180755 89.92 19.63
Dumdum 30665 82.61 82756 88.76 169.87
South Dumdum 181099 85.6 326063 90.35 80.04
Barrackpur - I 144954 75.57 113375 80.75 21.79
Barrackpur - II 137327 74.11 115055 80.94 16.22

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Table 11

Women Literacy
Municipality Total Literate Female Ratio Total Literate Female Ratio Growth Rate
Kanchrapara 24259 42.35 46557 45.33 64.75
Halisahar 28641 39.28 40141 42.50 40.15
Naihati 32046 39.47 70894 44.19 121.22
Bhatpara 62468 36.05 130283 40.76 108.56
Garulia 19908 39.32 23800 42.56 19.55
North Barrackpore 34044 44.30 48484 46.54 42.42
Barrackpore 43284 44.23 51931 44.69 19.97
Titagarh 19610 33.01 30683 37.10 58.47
Khardah 29578 43.50 43316 46.00 47.44
Panihati 48232 44.83 133449 46.49 35.85
New Barrackpore 23370 46.35 25823 40.71 10.49
Kamarhati 75252 41.62 105359 43.69 40.00
Baranagar 74772 43.51 92880 44.93 24.22
North Dum Dum 52036 34.44 84233 46.60 61.87
Dum Dum 12669 41.31 37969 49.88 199.70
South Dum Dum 80935 44.69 152898 46.89 88.91
Barrackpore-1 62129 42.86 50327 44.39 -19.00
Barrackpore-2 58764 42.79 50762 44.12 -13.61

 

Table 12

Literacy rate in total Female
Municipality 1991 2001 Growth Rate
Kanchrapara 58.56 76.42 17.86
Halisahar 56.17 69.99 13.82
Naihati 54.09 69.69 15.60
Bhatpara 48.48 65.50 17.02
Garulia 52.68 66.65 13.97
North Barrackpore 71.76 81.22 9.46
Barrackpore 68.56 76.00 7.44
Titagarh 41.76 57.26 15.5
Khardah 72.12 78.76 6.64
Panihati 75.04 79.29 4.25
New Barrackpore 74.83 62.38 -12.45
Kamarhati 62.42 72.31 9.89
Baranagar 71.42 78.77 7.35
North Dum Dum 71.39 78.60 7.21
Dum Dum 70.75 78.37 7.62
South Dum Dum 73.15 79.65 6.50
Barrackpore-1 58.60 66.34 7.74
Barrackpore-2 57.87 66.61 8.74

 

Table- 13

Ratio between no. of Persons living in Bustee and total population
Municipality Total population living in Bustee Male Female Population Percentage Male Ratio Female Ratio
Kanchrapara 14223 7281 6942 11.28 11.17 11.40
Halisahar 18733 9760 8973 15.05 14.54 15.64
Naihati            
Bhatpara            
Garulia 47178 25246 21932 61.82 62.18 61.42
North Barrackpore 13774 7262 6512 11.15 11.38 10.91
Barrackpore 5432 2852 2580 3.76 3.74 3.79
Titagarh 98062 54751 43311 78.96 77.54 80.82
Khardah 24303 12910 11393 20.91 21.08 20.72
Panihati 93554 49535 44019 26.85 27.51 26.15
New Barrackpore 19865 10119 9746 23.88 24.21 23.55
Kamarhati 3607 1905 1702 1.15 1.13 1.17
Baranagar 55987 30057 25930 22.34 22.65 21.99
North Dum Dum 2662 1343 1319 1.21 1.19 1.23
Dum Dum            
South Dum Dum 97579 49769 47810 24.88 24.86 24.91

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Table-14

Ratio between Male and Female among people living in Bustee
Municipality Female on total population against 1000 Female in bustee against 1000
Kanchrapara 934 953
Halisahar 854 919
Naihati    
Bhatpara    
Garulia 880 869
North Barrackpore 935 897
Barrackpore 892 905
Titagarh 759 791
Khardah 898 882
Panihati 935 889
New Barrackpore 991 963
Kamarhati 864 893
Baranagar 889 863
North Dum Dum 949 982
Dum Dum    
South Dum Dum 959 961

 

Table  15

Changes in the population in different Blocks/Municipalities
Blocks 1991 2001 Growth Rate
Barrackpore-1 219956 157018 -28.61
Barrackpore-2 212952 158778 -25.44
Kanchrapara 100194 126118 25.33
Halisahar 114028 124479 9.17
Naihati 132701 215432 62.34
Bhatpara 304952 441956 44.93
Garulia 80918 76309 -5.70
North Barrackpore 100606 123523 22.78
Barrackpore 133265 144331 8.30
Titagarh 114085 124198 8.86
Khardah 88358 116252 31.57
Panihati 275990 348379 26.23
New Barrackpore 63795 83183 30.39
Kamarhati 266889 314334 17.78
Baranagar 224821 250615 11.47
North Dum Dum 149965 220032 46.72
Dum Dum 40961 101319 147.35
South Dum Dum 232811 392150 68.44
Barrackpore-1 Block 219956 157018 -28.61
Barrackpore-2 Block 212952 158778 -25.44

 

Table 16

Status of Area(sq.km.) of different blocks / Municipalities in last ten years
Block/ Municipality 1991 2001

Decrease Rate

Barrackpore-1 110.78 76.49 30.95
Barrackpore-2 50.02 30.22 39.58
Kanchrapara 9.07 9.07  
Halisahar 8.28 8.28  
Naihati 4.35 11.55 165.52
Bhatpara 11.96 28.55 138.71
Garulia 6.48 5.38 -16.98
North Barrackpore 8.42 9.46 8.66
Barrackpore 11.56 10.61 -8.93
Titagarh 3.24 3.24  
Khardah 6.87 6.87  
Panihati 19.40 19.40  
New Barrackpore 17.17 17.17  
Kamarhati 10.96 10.96  
Baranagar 7.12 7.12  
North Dum Dum 19.42 26.45 36.20
Dum Dum 3.11 8.81 183.28
South Dum Dum 10.69 13.54 26.66

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Table 17 Women Employee

Analysis of Employed and Unemployed Female in the Municipal / Rural areas in the Sub-Division as per census 1991
Municipality/ Block Working Population Female Ratio Semi- earning Female Ratio Unemployed Female Ratio
(%) (%) (%)
Kanchapara 25360 1770 6.98 56 19 33.93 74778 46467 62.14
Halisahar 33065 2136 6.46 252 85 33.73 80711 48768 60.42
Naihati 34074 2221 6.52 880 207 23.52 97747 56816 58.13
Bhatpara 93037 3297 3.54 325 62 19.08 214382 125651 58.61
Garulia 19798 1027 5.19 258 61 23.64 60862 36702 60.3
Uttar Barrackpur 27043 2280 8.43 436 170 38.99 73127 44990 61.52
Barrackpur 37341 3178 8.51 232 82 35.34 95692 59974 62.67
Titagarh 22922 3073 13.41 186 29 15.59 79893 45769 57.29
Khardaha 22922 1870 8.16 49 14 28.57 65387 39131 59.85
Panihati 75821 6361 8.39 585 231 39.49 199584 124313 62.29
New Barrackpur 17080 1945 11.39 138 53 38.41 86577 29234 33.77
Kamarhati 76053 5635 7.41 540 142 26.3 190296 114774 60.31
Baranagar 69833 6130 8.78 536 173 32.28 154852 98384 63.53
Uttar Dumdum 39315 3586 9.12 278 99 35.61 110372 69207 62.7
Dumdum 12318 1064 8.64 25 2 8 28618 16841 58.85
South Dumdum 69268 7810 11.28 132 67 50.76 163411 103170 63.14
Barrackpore-1 59385 4376 7.37 1074 368 34.26 159497 101277 63.5
Barrackpore-2 57740 4519 7.83 518 199 38.42 154694 96820 62.59

From the figures available from 1991 census, in blocks more than 60% of the total  unemployed population are from females. In Kolkata neighboring areas the ratio of earning female is better.

 

 

Table -18    Ratio of Working Female and Unemployed Female
Municipality Total female (1991) Employed Ratio (%) Unemployed Ratio (%)
Kanchapara 48256 1789 3.71 46467 96.29
Halisahar 50989 2221 4.36 48768 95.64
Naihati 59244 2428 4.1 56816 95.9
Bhatpara 128848 3359 2.61 125651 97.52
Garulia 37790 1088 2.88 36702 97.12
Uttar Barrackpur 47440 2450 5.16 44990 94.84
Barrackpur 63129 3260 5.16 59974 95
Titagarh 46964 3102 6.61 45769 97.46
Khardaha 41015 1884 4.59 39131 95.41
Panihati 130905 6592 5.04 124313 94.96
New Barrackpur 31232 1998 6.4 29234 93.6
Kamarhati 120551 5777 4.79 114774 95.21
Baranagar 104687 6303 6.02 98384 93.98
Uttar Dumdum 72892 3685 5.06 69207 94.94
Dumdum 17907 1066 5.95 16841 94.05
South Dumdum 110647 7477 6.76 103170 93.24
Barrackpur I 106021 5450 5.14 101277 95.53
Barrackpur II 101538 5037 4.96 96820 95.35

 

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